The Talis Gadol Buying Guide, a guide for buying your Talit, will help you determine how to buy your Talis / Prayer Shawl.
Tallit טלית (or Tallet/Tallith) in Hebrew, or Tallis in Yiddish, is a prayer shawl "cloak" that is worn during the morning Jewish services (the Shacharit prayers) in Judaism. It has special twined and knotted "fringes" known as Tzitzit of about six inches attached to its four corners. The Tallit is sometimes also referred to as the Arba Kanfot, meaning the "four corners".
According to classical Rabbinic Judaism only boys and men are required to wear it at various points of their lives as Jews, and many regard it as compulsory. This is still practiced by Orthodox Judaism. Historically, women have been either permitted (mainly Sephardi and western Ashkenazi rishonim), seen as obligated (mainly Karaim), or forbidden (mainly eastern Ashkenazim) to wear it. Many modern, mainly non-Orthodox, groups have allowed women to wear them if they so desire.
The original Tallit probably resembled the "'abayah," or blanket, worn by the Bedouins for protection from sun and rain, and which has black stripes at the ends. The finer Tallit, very likely, was similar in quality to the Roman pallium, and was worn only by distinguished men, rabbis, and scholars (B. B. 98a; Midrash Genesis Rabbah xxxvi.; Midrash Exodus Rabbah xxvii.). The tallit was sometimes worn partly doubled, and sometimes with the ends thrown over the shoulders (Talmud references Shab. 147a; Men. 41a).
The prayer-shawl is worn over one's clothes, and is traditionally worn by Sephardi men from early childhood and by the majority of Ashkenazi men only after marriage; although many Ashkenaz criticize this practice as it delays an important mitzvah beyond the time a Bar Mitzvah boy is responsible for it. In some Ashkenazi communities, especially western European Ashkenazim, one accordingly has the practice of all men over 13 wearing the Tallit Gadol.
The fringe (Tzitzit) on each corner is made of four strands, each of which is made of eight fine threads (known as Kaful Shemoneh). The four strands are passed through a hole (or according to some: two holes) 1-2 inches away from the corner of the cloth.
There are numerous customs as to how to tie the fringe. The Talmud explains that the Bible requires a Kesher Elyon and one wrapping of three Chulyas. The Talmud goes on to explain that the Rabbis enjoined that between 7 to 13 Chulyot be tied, and that the initial and final winds must be the color of the garment, the interving ones being the color Techelet. As for the making of knots in between the Chulyot, the Talmud is inconclusive, and as such poskim throughout the ages have varyingly interpreted this requirement. The Talmud described tying assuming the use of Techelet, however, following the loss of the source of the dye, various customs of tying were introduced to compensate for the lack of this primary element.
Though many methods have been proposed the one that gained the widest acceptance can be described as follows:
Tags: Chuliot, Chulios, Chuliyot, Chuliyos, Chulyot, Chulyos, חליות.
The Inyan/ענין of Techeles/תכלת began to be debated during the late 1800s, due to the efforts of Rabbi Gershon Henich Leiner, the Radzyner Rebbe, to restore this mitzvah
According to Rabbinic tradition, Tekhelet (תכלת) which appears 48 times in the Tanach - translated as "blue" - is a specific dye of blue produced from a creature referred to as a Chillazon, other blue dyes being unacceptable. Since the source of the dye was lost, Jews wear plain white Tzitzit without any dyes. Some explain the black stripes found on many traditional Talleisim as representing the loss of this dye.
The advent of the 19th century has seen a number of attempts to identify the ancient source of the dye using relevant Talmudic sources. On the whole, Orthodox Jews have been slow to accept the findings of this research. Many Poskim maintain that it is better to use no dye at all rather than rely on evidence, though they agree that there is no transgression involved with wearing colored strands. Some also claim that Tekhelet was removed for a divine purpose to be revealed by the Messiah at the time of the ultimate redemption.
Tags: Techeilet, Techeiles, Techelet, Techeles, Techailet, Techailes, Techalet, Techales, Tekhelet, Tekheilet, תכלת.
Prior to donning the Tallit, one should have made a thorough inspection of the Tzitzit strings to ensure that none of these are torn. This is in fact the practice that is followed day after day and the significance of doing so is to have the prayer shawl always maintained in a condition of kosher. In the course of the examination, any entangles fringes are disentangled. It is necessary to have these fringes in a singular orientation as each of these depicts a unique Mitzvah.
Right before putting on the Tallit, one should recite the appropriate Beracha. See the section on Blessings For putting on a Tallit Gadol, for the appropriate Berachos.
Tags: Tzitzit strings, Tzitzis strings, Wearing the Tallit, Wearing the Tallis, Inspection, ציצת, ציצית, Full-Length, Shawl, Scarf.
The Tallit may be made of any material, but must not be made of a combination of wool and linen, because that combination is forbidden on any clothing.
Tags: Wool, צמר, Linen, פשטן, שטנז, Shatnaz, Material.
This section will give you information on how to figure the most appropriate size of the Tallis.
Please note that a Tallis always measures longer from right to left, then from head to tow.
A Tallis could be worn in two different ways. A Tallis could be worn like a scarf or like a full-length shawl. (See images and illustrations on the right side.)
Traditionally, as most Orthodox Jews wear it, it is work full length. However, in the Modern-Orthodox communities, it is sometimes worn as a scarf.
A full-length Tallis is sized by length, meaning from top to bottom. (Read the note on how to measure the length and width of a Tallis.)
|Person's Height Range||Tallis Length|
|5'4" and below||51" or less|
|5'5" to 5'7"||55"|
|5'8" to 5'10"||59" to 60"|
|5'11" to 6'1"||64" to 67"|
|6'2" and up||71" to 74"|
On the side, there's a chart on the available full-length sizes of a Tallis. Please note that every company, brand, and even shipment, may run a little different.
The width of a Tallis is usually between 75" to 80". Most better brands come with either a 72" width, or with the option of 72" or 80". The narrower Tallis will slip less off the shoulder.
The Scarf Tallis runs between 18" to 36" in the length, and between 52" to 72" in the width. (Read the note on how to measure the length and width of a Tallis.)
Tags: Size, Sizing, Talis, Tallit, Tallis, Tallith, Talith, Talit, Full-length, Scarf, Shawl, Modern Orthodox, Orthodox, Ultra Orthodox, Traditional, Length, Width.
Barkhie nefshie et adonai, adonai ehlohay gadaltah m'od, vhadar lavashtah. Oteh aur kasal'mah, noteh shamahyim kah'rieah
Bless, O my soul, you Lord, Lord my God, You are very great; glory and majesty You have worn; donning light as a garment, stretching out the heavens like a curtain
ברכי נפשי את ה׳ ה׳ אלהי גדלת מאד הוד והדר לבשת עטה אור כשלמה נוטה שמים כיריעה
Barukh atah adonai ehlohaynu melekh haolam, asher kied'shanu b'mitzvotav v'tzievanu lhiet'atayf batzitzit
Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and has commanded us to wrap outselves in fringes.
ברוך אתה ה׳ אלהינו מלך העולם אשר קדשנו במצותיו וצונו להתעטף בציצת
Mah yakahr Khas'd'khah ehlohiym uvnay adam b'tzayl k'nahfehkhah yehkhehsahyun. Yier'v'yun miedehshen baytehkhah v'nahkhal ahdahnehkhah tahsh'kaym. Kie em'kha m'kor khayiym, b'or'khah niereh aur. M'shokh khas'd'khah l'yod'ehkhah, v'tzied'kaht'khah l'yiesh'ray layv
How precious is your kindness, O God! Mankind in the shelter of Your wings takes refuge. They will be sated from the abundance of Your house, and from that stream of Your delights You give them to drink. For with You is the source of life; by Your light may we see light. Extens Your kindness to those who know You, and Your charity to the upright of heart.
מה יקר חסדך אלהים ובני אדם בצל כנפיך יחסיון ירוין מדשן ביתך ונחל עדניך תשקם כי עמך מקור חיים באורך נראה אור משך חסדך לידעיך וצדקתך לישרי לב
A lining is a cotton material placed on the upper third (approx.) of the Tallis from the inside, to protect from sweat and grease from the head and shoulders.
A sideband is a thin ribbon (approx. 1" wide) running from right to left on top in the inside, to protect the Tallis from fraying from use.
A Middle-band is a thin ribbon (approx. 1" wide) running from right to left in the middle on the outside, to help the folding of the Tallis.
The Zohar (Volume 3 page 227a) explains that white represents Chesed and the blue (black, dark) stripe represents Gevurah.
Furthermore, the Mitzvah of reciting the morning Shema begins when it is light enough for one to distinguish between white and Techelet (Mishnah, Berachos 9b). Since we no longer have the Techelet, the black stripe in the cloth of the Talis can be used to ascertain whether the time for reading the Shema has yet arrived.
No of items: 0
Your basket is empty